Temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, an incarnation of Vishnu, who is believed to have appeared here to save mankind from trials and troubles of Kali Yuga. Hence the place has also got the name Kaliyuga Vaikuntham and Lord here is referred to as Kaliyuga Prathyaksha Daivam. The temple is also known by other names like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple. Venkateswara is known by many other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa
The Pallava dynasty of Kanchipuram , the Chola dynasty of Thanjavur , and Vijayanagara pradhans were committed devotees of Lord Venkateswara. The temple gained most of its current wealth and size under the Vijayanagara Empire, with the donation of diamonds and gold. In 1517, Vijayanagara Emperor Krishnadevaraya, on one of his many visits to the temple, donated gold and jewels, enabling the Ananda Nilayam roofing to be gilded. After the decline of Vijayanagara Empire, leaders from states such as the Kingdom of Mysore and the Gadwal Samsthanam worshipped as pilgrims and gave ornaments and valuables to the temple.
Maratha general Raghoji I Bhonsle visited the temple and set up a permanent administration for the conduct of worship in the temple In 1843, with the coming of the Madras Presidency, the administration of the Sri Venkateswara Temple and a number of shrines were entrusted to Seva Dossji of the Hathiramji Mutt at Tirumala as Vicaranakarta for nearly a century until the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams was established as a result of the TTD Act in 1932. After independence Andhra state was created on linguistic grounds, wherein Tirupati which had and still has a majority of Telugu speaking population was assigned by Government of India, integrating it as part of Andhra.
There are three Dwarams which lead to Garbhagriha from outside. Mahadwaram also known as padikavali is the first entrance which is provided through Mahaprakaram. 50 feet, five storied Gopuram is constructed over this Mahadwaram with seven Kalasams at its apex. Vendivakili also known as Nadimipadikavali is the second entrance and is provided through SampangiPrakaram. A three storied Gopuram is constructed over Vendivakili with seven Kalasams at its apex. Bangaruvakili is the third entrance which will lead into Garbhagriha. There are two tall copper images of the Dvarapalakas Jaya-Vijaya on either side of this door. The thick wooden door is covered with gold gilt plates depicting the Dasavathaaram of Vishnu. Pradakshinams Circumambulation around Sanctum sanctorum in the temple or deities is called Pradakshinam. There are two circumambulation paths in the temple. The first one is the area between Mahaprakaram and sampangiprakaram. This path known as Sampangipradakshinam has many Mandapas, Dwajasthambam, Balipeetam, Kshetrapalika sila, prasadam distribution area etc.
The Vimanapradakhinam is the second pradakshinam, which circumambulates Ananda Nilayam Vimanam. This path has sub-shrines dedicated to Varadaraja and Yoga Narasimha, Potu(main kitchen), Bangaru Bavi, Ankurarpana Mandapam, Yagasala, Nanala coins and Notla Parkamani, Almyrah of Sandal paste , the cell of records, Sannidhi Bhashyakarulu, Lords’s hundi and the seat of Vishvaksena. Anandanilayam vimanam and Garbhagriha Garbhagriha is the Sanctum sanctorum where the presiding deity Lord Venkateswara will be residing along with other small idols. Golden Entrance leads to Garbhagriha.
There are two more doors in between Bangaruvakili and Garbhagriha. The deity will be in a standing posture with four hands one in varada posture, one placed over thigh and other two holding Shanka and Sudarshana Chakra.The idol is decorated with precious ornaments. The idol bears Goddess Lakshmi on the right chest and Goddess Padmavathion the left. Pilgrims are not allowed to enter the Garbhagriha Ananda Nilayam Vimanam is the main Gopuram constructed over 'Garbhagriha. This is a three storied gopuram and has single Kalasam at its apex. It was covered with gilt copper plates and covered with a golden vase. There are many idols of gods carved over this gopuram. On this gopuram, there is an idol of Venkateswara known as "Vimana Venkateswara" which is believed to be the exact replica of deity inside Garbhagriha.
Balaji Temple Tirumala Tirupati
During Dvapara Yuga, Adisesha resided on earth as Seshachalam Hills after losing a contest with Vayu. According to Puranas, Tirumala is regarded as Adivaraha Kshetra. After killing Hiranyaksha, Adivaraha resided on this hill. Sri Venkatachala Mahatyam is the widely accepted legend over Tirumala Temple. During Kali Yuga, Narada advised Rishis who were performing Yajna to decide who could be given the fruits of yagna among Trimurtis. Bhrigu was sent to test Trimurtis. The sage who had an extra eye in the sole of his foot visited Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva and went un-noticed in both these locations. At last he visited Vishnu and the lord acts as if he had not noticed Bhrigu. Getting angered by this act, sage Bhrigu kicked Lord Vishnu in the chest, to which Vishnu did not react and instead apologized to the Sage by massaging his feet.
During this act, he squashed the extra eye that was present in the sole of Bhrigu's foot. However Lakshmi finds it as an insult and had left Vaikuntam onto Earth to Kolhapur and started meditating. Lord Vishnu bore human form as Srinivasa, left Vaikuntam, in search of Lakshmi, reached Tirumala Hills and started meditating. Lakshmi came to know about the condition of Srinivasa and prayed to Siva and Brahma. Siva and Brahma then converted themselves into Cow and Calf and Goddess Lakshmi had handed over the cow and calf to Chola king ruling over Tirumala Hills at that time. The Cow would provide milk to Srinivasa daily while it was taken for grazing. One day Cowherd saw this and tried to beat the Cow with staff but Lord Srinivasa had borne the injury. Getting angered by this Srinivasa had cursed the Chola king to become a Demon as dharma says Servants sin should be borne by Kings.
The king prayed for mercy after which Srinivasa said to him, that the King should take next birth as Akasaraja and should perform marriage of his daughter Padmavati with Srinivasa. Lord Srinivasa went to his mother Vakula Devi on Tirumala hills and stayed there for a while. After curse Chola king took rebirth as Akasaraja and he had a daughter named Padmavati who was born in the Padmapushkarini situated at present day Tiruchanur in Andhra Pradesh. Lord Srinivasa married Padmavati at present day Narayanavanam in Andhra Pradesh and will return to Tirumala Hills. After few months Goddess Lakshmi had come to know about the marriage of Srinivasa with Padmavati and went to Tirumala hills to question Srinivasa. It is said that the Lord Srinivasa turns into Stone right when he was encountered by Lakshmi and Padmavathi. Lord Brahma and Shiva appear before the confused queens and explain the main purpose behind all this - The Lord's desire to be on the 7 hills for the emancipation of mankind from the perpetual troubles of Kali Yuga. Goddesses Lakshmi and Padmavathi also turn into stone idols expressing their wish to be with their Lord always. Lakshmi stays with Him on His Chest on the left side while Padmavathi rests on His Chest's right side.